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Aerospatiale SA313B Alouette II helicopter

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Specifications Comment this helicopter
Picture SA313B_Alouette_II
General
Manufacturer Aerospatiale
Type SA313B Alouette II
Introduced 5/2/1957
In production? No
Units produced 1300
Price US $ 250,000.00
Dimensions
Overall Length 39.5 ft
Length 31.9 ft
Height 9 ft
Width 0 ft
   
   
Description

The Aérospatiale Alouette II SA313B (SA3130 prior to 1967) is a light utility helicopter that was first produced by Sud Aviation and then Aérospatiale. The Alouette is of French origin and is the first production helicopter to use a gas turbine powerplant in place of a piston-powered unit.

The Alouette II has an iconic design, with its bubble cockpit and naked frame tailboom this three-bladed helicopter is hard to mistake for anything else.

The Alouette II is probably best known in aviation history as the first production helicopter to incorporate a gas turbine engine. Until that point heavy, piston powered, engines were the norm, but these were inefficient and complex with a comparatively poor power-to-weight ratio. The specific engine used in the Alouette II was the Turbomeca Artouste IIC.

The Artouste produced 360 shaft horsepower (270 kw) Coupled with a maximum takeoff weight of 3527 lb (1600 kg) which meant the Alouette II left piston powered helicopters of the time in the dust. The helicopter cruised at 106 mph (170 kph) and could hit 115 mph (185 kph) in a pinch. A 7 545 ft ceiling (2300m), four hour endurance and 350 mile (565 kilometer) range all made the Alouette II a top performer when coming from piston engine technology.

Apart from being the first production turbine helicopter, the Aloutte II is also the first ever helicopter to carry anti-tank munitions.

The helicopter was mainly used in military roles such as observation, photography, offshore rescue, training and anti-tank and ship operations.

It did however find use in civilian roles as well, including medical transport and crop dusting. Thanks to its good performance at altitude it was also used as a flying crane capable of carrying a 1102 lbs. (500kg) underslung load.

The versatility, reliability and performance of the Aloutte II ensured massive sales. Over 1300 Alouette IIs were built between 1956 and 1975. They have been used in more than 80 nations, including 47 armed forces.

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Design features
  • Open framework fuselage
  • Plexiglass cockpit
  • Skid type landing gear
Description

The Aérospatiale Alouette II SA313B (SA3130 prior to 1967) is a light utility helicopter that was first produced by Sud Aviation and then Aérospatiale. The Alouette is of French origin and is the first production helicopter to use a gas turbine powerplant in place of a piston-powered unit.

The Alouette II has an iconic design, with its bubble cockpit and naked frame tailboom this three-bladed helicopter is hard to mistake for anything else.

The Alouette II is probably best known in aviation history as the first production helicopter to incorporate a gas turbine engine. Until that point heavy, piston powered, engines were the norm, but these were inefficient and complex with a comparatively poor power-to-weight ratio. The specific engine used in the Alouette II was the Turbomeca Artouste IIC.

The Artouste produced 360 shaft horsepower (270 kw) Coupled with a maximum takeoff weight of 3527 lb (1600 kg) which meant the Alouette II left piston powered helicopters of the time in the dust. The helicopter cruised at 106 mph (170 kph) and could hit 115 mph (185 kph) in a pinch. A 7 545 ft ceiling (2300m), four hour endurance and 350 mile (565 kilometer) range all made the Alouette II a top performer when coming from piston engine technology.

Apart from being the first production turbine helicopter, the Aloutte II is also the first ever helicopter to carry anti-tank munitions.

The helicopter was mainly used in military roles such as observation, photography, offshore rescue, training and anti-tank and ship operations.

It did however find use in civilian roles as well, including medical transport and crop dusting. Thanks to its good performance at altitude it was also used as a flying crane capable of carrying a 1102 lbs. (500kg) underslung load.

The versatility, reliability and performance of the Aloutte II ensured massive sales. Over 1300 Alouette IIs were built between 1956 and 1975. They have been used in more than 80 nations, including 47 armed forces.

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Design features:
  • Open framework fuselage
  • Plexiglass cockpit
  • Skid type landing gear
Performance
Persons 5
Max. Range 180 mi
Cruise Speed 106 mph
Max. Speed 115 mph
Max. rate of Climb 820 ft/min
HOGE ceiling 5400 ft
Service Ceiling 10500 ft
Gross Weight 3527 lb
Empty Weigt 1973 lb
Useful Load 1554 lb
Dynamic system
Fuel Capacity 153 gallons
Number of Engines 1
Engine Type Turbine
Engine Code Turboméca Artouste IIC6
Horse Power 355
Rotorhead Fully articulated
Number of rotorblades 3
Rotor Diameter 33.6 ft
Number of tail rotorblades 2
Tailrotor Diameter 5.9 ft
Blueprints & model
Manufacturer Website manufacturer..
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